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THE NEW YORK SUN, Wednesday, December 2, 1942


Monroe Dreher Takes Them Out of His Collection.


     Ingenious cast-iron banks, made by German artisans who came to this country about the middle of the last century and which helped their owners weather the depression of the '90s, and were used for savings in the  Spanish-American and first world wars, have been pressed into service again to assist in the purchase of War Bonds.
     Their owner, Monroe F. Dreher, head of the advertising firm which bears his name, has taken them out of his collection for use by himself and the employees in his New York and Newark offices and, he told The New York Sun today, they already have accounted for the purchase of a number of bonds.
     Mr. Dreher, who is interested in all types of antiques, began collecting the mechanical banks some years ago and has more than sixty of them. Although all of them are more than half a century old, they still work without a hitch, some of them depending on springs and others being operated merely by the weight of a coin.
     Several Ingenious Banks.

Possibly the most ingenious is one which Mr. Dreher has on his own desk at his office in the RCA Building. When a coin is placed in the beak of an eagle the bird leans forward and drops it into the nest, where two eaglets open their mouths as though to be fed. The coin falls between them into the bank and the eaglets squeak their thanks for the meal. It has swallowed up most of Mr. Dreher's spare change but it has bought several bonds for Joan, his 12 year-old daughter.
     The caller at the Dreher offices gets introduced to the banks at the start since the receptionist has an unusual one on her desk. The weight of a coin placed in the hands of Uncle Sam causes a carpet bag beside him to open. The coin drops in and Uncle Sam's beard moves as though he were talking.
     Cordelia Forrest, a space buyer for the company, has on her desk a trick dog bank. This operates with a spring, a trigger causing the dog to jump through a clown's hoop and the coin, which has been placed in the dog's mouth, flies into a barrel.
     Pitcher Hurls Coin.

     Another strong mechanical bank is the "Darktown Battery," a pitcher, batter and catcher. The coin is hurled by the pitcher past the batter, who swings and misses, and the money falls into a slot in front of the crouching catcher.
     One of the most adroit of the banks has a political angle. It is labeled "Tammany Bank," and shows Boss Tweed pocketing any money that comes into his hand. The money, placed in the right hand, is dropped into the vest pocket behind the left arm, folded across the chest, with such speed that it is hard to follow it with the eye. This bank, incidentally, is facing a window overlooking Central Park, the sale of which to the city was listed among the

Boss's major steals.
     Mr. Dreher keeps the keys to all the banks and when they are opened their contents are credited to the bond accounts of the employees who have them. They are in excess to the 10 per cent the workers have subscribed.



This mechanical bank, called "Darktown Battery," is helping to accumulate funds for the purchase of war bonds by Monroe F. Dreher, advertising man, and his employees. With a coin in his hand, the pitcher winds up, then tosses the metal past the batter, who always strikes out. The coin falls into the bank where the catcher's glove would be.



This cast iron figure of Boss Tweed, another mechanical bank, will pocket all money that comes his way. Money placed in the right hand goes quickly into the vest pocket.


                                                                                                Sun Staff Photo.

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